Throughout the years, architecture has evolved from the different architectural designs such as the Romanesque and the Gothic architecture. Some buildings that were built in the medieval ages still command a lot of attention based on their designs and influence on modern architecture. This paper will analyze two architectural structures that stimulated the development architecture in Western Europe.
Durham Cathedral in England
The Durham Cathedral was designed by William of St. Carilef using the Romanesque architectural design. The Cathedral was built to house the Anglican Bishop of Durham who had both military and religious powers. Additionally, it served as the shrine of Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (The Chapter of Durham). The Cathedral is famous for the stone vault of its nave roof, and the pointed transverse arches that are supported by enormous drum columns (Durham Cathedral). The use of flying buttresses created room for larger windows and enhanced the general appearance of the structure.
Notre-Dame de Reims in France
The Reims Cathedral was built in the 13th Century. It was used as the coronation ground for all the Kings of France and is the seat of the Archdiocese of Reims. The art is characterized by soaring vertical heights, rich sculptures such as the smiling angel and Saint Joseph imprinted to the walls as well as the stained glass windows that were not relatively common at the time (Notre-Dame Cathedral of Reims).
The similarities between the two structures are that they are both Cathedrals built under religious and political influences. Both of them are considered World Heritage Sites by UNESCO, which indicates their inspirational effects on the modern architecture. Today buildings encompass traits of both the Romanesque and Gothic architecture such as arches, high walls and stained glass windows.